Learn Lead Guitar Improvisation – 10 Do’s & Don’ts of Lead Guitar

Hey good people! My name is Alon, I'm 27 and I play mainly the guitar, piano, and harmonica. In the last few years, I traveled through four different continents with my guitar while performing and teaching music. Currently, I am based in sunny Tel Aviv, Israel. The GuitarHippies mission: To get you to enjoy your musical journeys to the fullest. Cheers!

Even a simple egg shaker can add so much! Percussion is a powerful thing.

When the lead guitarist knows what he's doing – two guitars will always sound way better than one!

Today we will talk about playing and learning lead guitar (as opposed to rhythm guitar) and how to do it in a great way that will benefit the song in a refreshing way. In my opinion, two guitars are ALWAYS better than one as long as it's well done, and it's definitely more fun! This article was written for guitarists but will be just as relevant for any instrument you use for improvisation, from harmonica to a flute.

A lot of times you meet guitarists that when they're playing lead they will just constantly spurt out notes, never stop, and their improvisation seems like they are basically just playing scales up and down. Not only this bores the listener, but also it just sounds like they're trying to take over the song, and the whole song suffers badly. We do not want to be that dude.

That's why we learn lead guitar, because we want to be the guitarist who adds beautiful riffs and licks just in the right places, and takes the whole song up a notch, even if it's done subtly. When it's your time to solo later – you will be the frontman, but until then, as a lead guitarist, you need to know how to do your best as a “sideman” for the song. Check out my list of top 10 lead guitar performances for examples of some beautifully done lead guitar by some of the world's greatest.

13 Do's & Don'ts Of Solid Lead Guitar Skills
  • DO LISTEN To The Song! Above all. Most of us tend to forget that, just check out what the key is and go wild with our guitars. By doing that, we miss the biggest part of the music that is the listening. Pay attention to the harmonic movements, the chord changes, the different feelings of different parts in the song and how they resolve. By doing that you will be halfway towards playing the right notes at the right octave (low or high) and at the right time.


  • DO Always Make Sure That Your Guitar Is Perfectly Tuned from a tuner, as well as the other guitarists'. When played together, untuned instruments sound even harsher to the ear, so make sure you take care of that beforehand. It's always good as well to make sure that your guitar is well maintained with fresh strings, low action, etc.
Always make sure both guitars ran through a tuner before you even start - to avoid the ears discomfort syndrome...

Always make sure both guitars ran through a tuner before you even start – to avoid the ears discomfort syndrome…

  • DO NOT Play Too Much While The Singer Is Singing – try to keep that to a minimum. And if you do so keep the volume down. Remember that the singer is the front man, and you are not competing for the listener's attention, you are SUPPORTING him and the song. The fills between the lyrical lines or between verses and songs will usually be the best spots to play your licks and riffs on. And when you get your own solo off course.
  • DO Start Paying More Attention To Lead Guitar In Music You Listen To. These will be usually great examples from professional musicians that can teach you a lot. Try to recreate these licks as accurately as you can on your own guitar. Learning the licks from a song like Sultans Of Swing can be a great school for lead guitar!
  • DO Think Of Improvisation As Making Your Guitar SPEAK. Make sure you only say meaningful sentences. Pay attention to the small details – the exact vibrato strength, the cleanliness of each and every note. Speak clearly, do not mumble…
Make it speak! Bend it, hammer it, talk the musical phrases with your fingers!

Make it speak! Bend it, hammer it, slide it. Speak the musical phrases using your fingers!

  • DO NOT Just Spurt Out Notes With No End. Use a rule of thumb that you should never be improvising for more than half of the time – and even that is usually too much. Take examples from the professional recordings.
  • DO Make Sure You Know Your Theory. If you think you know the scales but still everything sounds bad, you might need to freshen up your theory knowledge.

  • Sometimes DO  Play And “Reinforce” The Whole Chord Being Played Now And Don't Just Improvise With Single Notes. For example, if the rhythm is fully strumming a G chord now, you can add a lot by arpeggiating the G chord slowly. Especially if you're playing an electric guitar and the notes you play can sound more prominent and fuller than the other guitar that's playing rhythm. Do that for a sequence of chords before going back to the scale – this adds so much, or you can even do it for almost the whole song and buff it up. Don't Look Back In Anger by Oasis is a great example of mixing those two improv styles together.
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Let's let the Gallagher brothers show us exactly how a lead guitar should sound like, in the most beautiful 90's Brit-rock way:


Oasis – Don’t Look Back In Anger

  • DO NOT Push Your Volume Up Too Much On The Amplifier. This is true especially for certain setups like when you play lead on an electric and the other guitarist is playing rhythm on an acoustic which might not even be amped. So make sure you do not “swallow” him and keep your volume to about the same.  In the recording studio – This is what's called “maintaining a balanced mix”.
  • DO Ask The Other Musicians For A Solo! Even if right now your solos are not amazing, don't be shy. You gotta start somewhere and nobody was born Jimi Hendrix including Jimi himself. It's cool if you ask and decide about the solo before you actually start playing the song, and then decide together where your solo will take place, or in the more freestyle jams, you will just know and feel when you should come in and the other musicians will leave you space for it. Also – “return the favor” and ask the rhythm player if he would like to switch at some point to take a solo while you will take on the rhythm.


These same rules apply to ANY instrument that'll improvise to your music. My brother never read this post but he seems to follow these guidelines when we're playing together, and that's what makes it so fun to jam with him.

These same rules apply to ANY instrument that's improvising over a song. My brother has never read this post but he seems to follow these guidelines when we're playing together, and that's what makes it so fun to jam with him.


  • DO Not Be Afraid To Repeat Exact Phrases: That's how certain riffs became so legendary and recognizable. Think “Satisfaction” by The Rolling Stones. Think “Walk This Way” by Aerosmith. If You think you've got something catchy in your hands, keep drilling it into our minds… It might just work.
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  • DO Use Vibratos, Bends, Slides, Hammer-Ons, Pull Offs… Make sure you always have more rabbits to pull out of your hat and that your playing style is diverse!


  • DO NOT Stay In The Same Area Of The Fretboard For Too Long. Now, this is one that I was guilty of in many times. It's tempting to just stay in that box of the scale on the 5-8 fret that you know perfectly and keep playing there, but when you do that you miss so much fun and you sound the same. Instead, play around! Go up to fretboard to the second octave and play on the really high frets, then go down and use some really low notes. Play on the high strings and in one riff go down all the way to the low E string and so on… Entertain! Surprise the other ears in the room!
learn guitar theory (2)

A solid knowledge in music theory is the foundation of good lead guitar skills. Read inside about how you can learn it.

  • DO Make Sure That You Know What Key The Song Is On. And if you are not sure, ask one of the other musicians.
    • DO Your Best To Play Your Licks ON TIME. I cannot stress the importance of this one enough. You can take a beautiful guitar phrase and make it sound absolutely BAD if you are not on time. If you think you need practice here so put in the practice time with the metronome or the drum machine app. Check out this article for tips on how to improve your rhythm and time keeping.
* Originally posted in December 14.
One last thing – DAMN! I think Guthrie Govan (an English dude who's considered by many to be the #1 guitarist in the world) might have read my article! (-: Why? Because in the next video he's just perfectly putting to practice almost all of my points. Check it out for some ideas. And yes, he is NOT playing lead guitar to a song with vocals like the style I was talking about right here, but this is lead guitar over a jam track that is just about as good as it gets, so have fun. see the funky way that he makes the guitar SPEAK.


It would be awesome link in the comments for YouTube vids of you playing lead guitar or of songs that you like that feature awesome lead guitar performances, thanks!
learn lead guitar

Learn from the best – check out these amazing showcases of lead guitar in this next article:

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3 comments for “Learn Lead Guitar Improvisation – 10 Do’s & Don’ts of Lead Guitar

  1. The Brit
    July 28, 2017 at 2:13 AM

    Nice tips thanks man! Your blog helps me a lot with the progress on the guitar.

    • Alon Cooper
      July 28, 2017 at 4:56 AM

      Glad you liked it out there in England, keep rockin’.

  2. KennyMaurice
    October 20, 2016 at 4:09 PM

    Let’s give you a try… Nothing else seems to be working.

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